A mere two letters separate consent and consult, but that slight spelling shift makes a profound difference in meaning—denoting the dividing line between, for example, lovemaking and date rape. This distinction extends to the case of negotiations between communities and corporations over major projects such as mines and pipelines, where two models of stakeholder engagement have evolved: free, prior, informed consent (FPIC) and free, prior, informed consultation. The splintering into these two models culminated with the 2003 “Extractive Industries Review” (EIR), an independent report commissioned by the World Bank in 2000 to determine whether resource extraction aligns with the bank's mission of poverty alleviation and sustainability. EIR promoted FPIC, which empowers communities with self-determination. In its 2004 Management Response Report, the World Bank favored consultation that leads to the "broad support of affected communities," fearing consent would open to door to "veto power" for individuals and groups.