The case is about one of the world's leading pharmaceutical companies: Eli Lilly & Company. Lilly, which claims to have a very good diversity program running at the company and was also widely regarded as a very good employer, faced a federal lawsuit that raised some serious questions regarding the company's human rights policies and practices. In April 2006, three former employees and one employee who was still working at Lilly, filed a case against the company, alleging that the company discriminated against its African American employees on racial grounds. The lawsuit claimed that the African American employees working at Lilly experienced disparity in wages, promotions, performance evaluations and discipline. By the end of 2007, more than a hundred former and present employees of Lilly joined forces with the plaintiffs against the company. Lilly had, however, denied the allegations saying that discrimination against any individual or group was inconsistent with their long-held core values and employment philosophy. On the other hand, a section of the employees at Lilly felt that in order to promote diversity the company was going out of its way in hiring, grooming and promoting under-qualified minority employees at the cost of organizational effectiveness. The teaching objectives are to: (1) understand the issues and challenges in promoting and managing workplace diversity; (2) understand the issue of discrimination in the workplace; (3) understand the communication challenges faced by companies in a multicultural workplace; and (4) understand the corporate communication challenges faced by companies facing allegations of workplace discrimination. The case is meant for MBA / MS students as part of the human resource management / organization behavior / business ethics curriculum. The teaching note includes the abstract, teaching objectives and target audience, teaching methodology, assignment questions, feedback of case discussion and suggested readings and references. It does not contain an analysis of the case.