MSPL Limited (MSPL) is an iron ore mining and processing company in India. Owned by the Baldota Group, it has interests in shipping, pelleting and wind energy. In January 2012, MSPL’s businesses and operations were headed by Narendrakumar A. Baldota and his two sons. MSPL’s main source of revenue, the Vyasankere Iron Ore Mine (VIOM), was one of the largest iron ore mines in the private sector in India. MSPL has been progressive and proactive in its approach to sustainability and corporate social responsibility (CSR). Many of its initiatives predate government legislation related to addressing environmental, employee and community issues. MSPL’s policies towards environmental issues and the local community had been driven by the beliefs and the vision of its founder and chairman, Baldota’s father. Baldota expanded MSPL’s initiatives related to the environment, employees and the community. The case deals with the choices and decisions that Baldota has made regarding the numerous initiatives undertaken by the organization in sustainability and CSR. Were there other initiatives that MSPL should have undertaken? Was it even necessary for the company to carry out CSR activities in the local communities?